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Title: Parental Hours of Work and Child Behavioural and Emotional Outcomes. Conférence "Familles canadiennes sous tension ?", Montréal, may 19 2005
Other Titles: Horaires professionnels des parents et indicateurs de développement des enfants sur le plan comportemental et affectif. Conférence "Familles canadiennes sous tension ?", Montréal, 19 mai 2005
Authors: Gagné, Lynda
Issue Date: 2005-05
Publisher: Centre interuniversitaire québécois de statistiques sociales
Series/Report no.: Documents du CIQSS
Abstract: This research uses cycles 1 to 4 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children (NLSCY) to examine the relationship between parental hours of work and non-standard work schedules, the family environment children experience as measured by family functioning, parenting, and parental depression, and children's behavioural and emotional scores. Children who were four to eleven years of age between 1994 to 2001 and for whom at least two observations are available are selected to estimate the impact of hours of work and those same children whose parents were both working (was working for single-parents) are selected for the analysis of shift work. Children's scores include hyperactivity, conduct disorder, indirect aggression, and emotional disorder scores. The study exploits the longitudinal feature of the data and relies on changes in parental work schedules over time to identify within unit effects. The results indicate that long hours of work are a strain on parental outcomes in two parent families, although they do not appear to have consistent direct impacts on child outcomes. Children in single parent families do worse on a number of measures and so do their parents, but the outcomes are not systematically related to hours of work. As for shift work, night and evening shifts in two parent families appear to worsen certain child outcomes, while maternal split and on call shifts worsen parental depression and parenting. On the other hand, parental outcomes tend to be improved for children living in single parent families when the parent works night shifts. The findings therefore suggest that hours of work and shift work can be a problem, but in two parent families rather than in single parent families. Further, the impact of shift work is not negative for all types of shift work nor is it always the same for boys and girls.
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Gagne_Mai2005.pdf, (Adobe PDF ; 374.27 kB)

Gagne_Mai2005_texte.pdf, (Adobe PDF ; 696.23 kB)

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